Here is a set of sample questions that typically appear from the profit and loss topic in the math section of the gmat test.

**Question 1**: If the cost price of 20 articles is equal to the selling price of 25 articles, what is the % profit or loss made by the merchant?

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**Question 2**: Sam buys 10 apples for $1. At what price should he sell a dozen apples if he wishes to make a profit of 25%?

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**Question 3**: By selling an article at 80% of its marked price, a merchant makes a loss of 12%. What will be the % profit made by the merchant if he sells the article at 95% of its marked price?

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**Question 4**: What is the maximum percentage discount that a merchant can offer on her Marked Price so that she ends up selling at no profit or loss, if she had initially marked her goods up by 50%?

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**Question 5**: A merchant who marked his goods up by 50% subsequently offered a discount of 20%. What is the percentage profit that the merchant make after offering the discount?

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